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|A doctor at the sperm bank of North China's Shanxi Province stores donated semen on February 25 Yerry Mina World Cup Jersey , 2016. Photo: IC
Following the implementation of the two-child policy in January, sperm banks across the country have announced shortages of sperm. Some are even taking creative steps to encourage more donations.
"Chinese people are deeply influenced by traditional culture and many people still regard sperm donation as something that rebels against orthodoxy," Fan Liqing, executive vice-president of the Reproductive and Genetic Hospital of Citi-Xiangya in Central China's Hunan Province, told the Global Times on Wednesday.
Experts from the hospital's sperm bank Wilmar Barrios World Cup Jersey , which claims to be the country's largest, expressed their concerns over the shortage of donated sperm and their worries that the quality of the sperm has declined year on year.
The only sperm bank in Southwest China's Sichuan Province tried to attract donors by raising their cash reward to 5,000 yuan ($748) and offering donors the chance to preserve their sperm for five years incase anything happens to their health.
Previously, the sperm bank offered donors 200 yuan for each donation.
Separately, an advertisement for the Shanghai Sperm Bank says that those who qualify to donate can receive up to 6 Santiago Arias World Cup Jersey ,000 yuan ($898) for 17 milliliter of semen.
However, the shortage of qualified sperm donors remains a headache for China's sperm banks.
Facing a crisis
"For a long time, our sperm bank has been facing the problem that demand exceeds supply because there are few people who are willing to donate their sperm and among willing donors, there are only a few qualified ones," an expert from the Hunan sperm bank told the Global Times on Wednesday on condition of anonymity.
According to experts Radamel Falcao World Cup Jersey , their studies show that less than 20 percent of Chinese college students can accept the idea of donating sperm, and of those, less than half would be willing to donate sperm themselves.
"Unlike blood donation, it is very difficult for a sperm bank to publicize sperm donation and publicly recruit donators as it might offend people's sensibilities," said Fan Oscar Murillo World Cup Jersey , adding that some parents or girlfriends even force potential donors not to donate.
Moreover, another problem is that the quality of sperm has gone down. The expert said that statistics showed that the ratio of qualified donors to applicants has reduced from 45.9 percent in 2006 to 17.9 percent in 2015, adding that this might be related to environment and lifestyle changes.
"Nowadays, large number of young people are night owls. They have an open attitude toward sex and live an irregular lifestyle, all of which have contributed to the decrease of sperm quality Miguel Borja World Cup Jersey ," Lu Guangxiu, president of the Hunan hospital, told the Global Times on Wednesday.
She added that the two-child policy has led to a nearly 20 percent increase in in-vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles, but this has not affected the hospital's sperm stocks. According to Lu, the hospital's sperm bank has accumulated over 140 Mateus Uribe World Cup Jersey ,000 sperm samples since it was established in 1981.
According to the experts, it takes donors three months to accomplish a donation due to extensive pre-donation health checks. After the donation, their sperm is sealed for six months and then be used following several further tests. The sperm from one donor can only be given to at most five women.
Underground sperm donation
The huge demand for sperm has created an underground sperm market.
The Global Times has learned that buyers and donors usually contact each other through QQ or WeChat groups and donors usually claim that they are good-looking and very healthy.
There are two ways to accomplish the donation. In one way, donors would hand over their sperm sample for the women to insert into themselves manually while in other cases they simply have sex.
According to a report from the China Business View, a newspaper based in Northwest China's Shaanxi Province Luis Muriel World Cup Jersey , underground sperm donors usually offer their sperm for between 1,000 yuan to 8,000 yuan. A couple told the newspaper that they chose underground sperm donation out of fear that the hospital would reveal they were having IVF.
"Some people are hesitant to donate sperm as they think it might impact their health somehow. However, underground sperm donation could spread diseases and may increase the risk of deficient newborns," Peng Xiaohui Juan Guillermo Cuadrado World Cup Jersey , a sexologist at Wuhan's Central China Normal University, told the Global Times on Thursday.
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